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      The Fashion of Economics|時尚經濟


      by Rebecca A. Fratzke

      As the world's economy changes, fashion trends reflect whether it's getting better or worse.


      For years, people have been watching how the hemlines of women's skirts and dresses rise and fall. This is not because they are interested in fashion or an attractive pair of legs. It actually has to do with a country's economic standing. _(1)_ This means the shorter the skirt, the better the economy.


      This belief, known as the hemline theory, was taken seriously for many years beginning in the 1920s. One reason it held true was that when times were good, fabric producers charged more for their materials, causing designers to cut costs by raising hems. _(2)_


      However, times have changed. With so many different styles of dresses and skirts available, it is next to impossible to rely on the hemline theory anymore. _(3)_ It just means there's a new theory that rings true, and it's called the basics theory. _(4)_ When times are good, people spend more money and take more risks with their wardrobe. If a new fashion trend becomes popular and sticks, it shows that people are in a good position to dish out some extra money on a daring new outfit. _(5)_


      (A) Another reason was that during that time, when real silk stockings were worn, women wanted to show off when they could afford them and cover up when they couldn't.


      (B) Many news organizations have reported that people can tell whether the economy is doing well or not by the length of women's hemlines.


      (C) Although the theories have changed, miniskirts still seem to indicate that the economy is sitting pretty, as are the women wearing them.


      (D) Yet, this does not mean fashion and economics are no longer connected.


      (E) Now, when times are rough, people are generally only willing to buy basic pieces to replace the worn out ones in their wardrobe.



      時尚經濟

      隨著世界經濟產生變化,時尚潮流反映出經濟是否變好或變壞。


      多年來,人們一直在注意婦女裙子和洋裝裙襬的起落。這并不是因為他們對時尚或一雙吸引人的腿感興趣。這實際上與國家的經濟地位有關。許多新聞機構報導,大家可以從婦女裙襬長度判斷目前經濟景況是好還是壞。意思就是,裙子越短,經濟越好。


      這種看法被稱為『裙襬理論』,在 1920 年代初期開始受到重視且行之多年。該理論之所以有道理其中一個原因就是,當時局好時,布料商會收較多材料費,促使設計師提高裙襬高度來削減成本。另一個原因是因為當時女性穿的是真正的絲襪,她們會想要在能買得起絲襪時多加炫耀,買不起時就把腿遮起來。


      然而,時代已經改變。現在能買到那么多不同風格的洋裝和裙子,我們要倚賴裙襬理論幾乎是不可能的了。然而,這并不意味時尚和經濟不再有關聯。這只是意味著有一種新理論聽起來也很有道理,這個理論被稱為『基本需求理論』。現在時局很艱困時,大家一般只愿意購買基本款式的衣物來取代衣柜里破舊的衣物。景況好的時候,大家會多花錢冒更大的風險添購衣柜里的衣物。如果新時尚風潮變得受歡迎且持續下去,這顯示大家景況還不錯,能額外多花一些錢購買風格大膽的整套新衣物。雖然這些理論已經改變,迷你裙似乎仍然表明著經濟景況不錯,那些穿迷你裙的女士坐著時也很漂亮。


      答案:    B   A   D   E   C






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      The Fashion of Economics|時尚經濟

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